The Use of Weapons and Shields

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  1. Weapons may only be used in accordance with their design, i.e. spears may only be used for thrusting, axes for striking with the edge of the blade, etc.
  2. Blows repeatedly blocked by a weapon in contact with a fighter's helm, body, or shield at the moment of impact may, at the Sovereign's or Marshal's discretion, be considered to have broken the blocking weapon. This will force a fighter to forfeit the fight, unless a secondary weapon is carried or the opponent chooses to allow the fighter to rearm with another weapon.
  3. A shield or weapon may be used to displace, deflect, or immobilise an opponent's shield or weapon, so long as such use does not endanger the safety of the combatants. A shield or haft may be safely placed against the opponent's body to restrict their ability to strike or defend.
  4. In a tournament combat bout, combatants may only use weapons they have brought onto the field at the beginning of the round, but may freely change between those weapons. An exception shall be made to this rule for combatants whose weapons physically break in the course of a bout. In such circumstances, the combatant may rearm with the same type of weapon to complete the bout.

Thrusting weapons

  1. Only weapons approved for thrusting may be used for that purpose. Feinting as if to thrust with a weapon not approved for that purpose is prohibited.
  2. Thrusting with any weapon in the direction of travel while running is prohibited.
  3. Bracing thrusting weapons against the ground or other immovable objects is prohibited. Cupping the butt of a thrusting weapon in the palm of the hand is also prohibited.
  4. Before any tournament bout in which a thrusting weapon is going to be used the opponent and marshals shall be informed that such a weapon is on the field, and the thrusting tip shall be shown to the opponent.


  1. Shields must be controlled by the hand. Shields not controlled by the hand are to be considered assumed armour, and good blows falling on them must be taken.
  2. Pavises may be placed on the field prior to the start of a scenario.
  3. A pavise can be carried in a manner which does not require hand control (such as a shoulder strap). In this case, the fighter is not allowed to actively block with it, nor can they use their own weapon, and if struck by a hand weapon, the blow is counted as if the pavise was not there.
  4. To prevent confusion with heavy combatants, it is prohibited for plumed participants to carry shields or pavises in mixed scenarios.
  5. In scenarios containing no heavy participants, plumed missile combatants may carry a light buckler up to 250mm in diameter, or equivalent surface area, for warding off missiles.