Youth Armoured Combat Draft:Glossary
Aventail - A piece of metal, heavy leather, or other rigid material attached to the back of a helmet. It protects the back of the neck.
Bevor - A piece of metal, heavy leather, or other rigid material attached to the front of a helmet. It protects the throat.
Camail - A drape of chainmail, leather, or padded cloth that hangs from the helmet. It protects the neck.
Closed-cell foam - A solid foam made from polyethylene, EPV, or vinyl nitrate without interconnected pores resulting in a higher compressive strength than open-cell foams.
- Common uses are pipe insulation, camping and fitness mats, and sports padding.
Coif - A cap of chainmail or padded cloth worn under a helmet that extends to the base of the neck. It may be long enough to also cover the shoulders.
Death from Behind - A specialized attack sometimes allowed during melee combat where the attacker "kills" an opponent from behind without attempting to strike. Death from Behind is a minimal contact, or no contact, form of attack.
Gauntlet - An armored glove covering the back of the hand, fingers, and thumb and the points and back of the wrist.
Gorget - A protective collar for the neck. It may also protect the larynx and cervical vertebrae.
Heavy Leather - At least 10 ounce leather, about 5mm thick.
HDPE - High Density Polyethylene (see Irrigation pipe and PEX)
Irrigation Pipe - Shatter-resistant plastic pipe made of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) sized to be a substitute for iron pipe in exterior plumbing applications. Often used for in-ground sprinkler systems. Found in many hardware stores. It is usually black in color. May be orange when used for electrical conduits. See also: Sil-o-flex.
Light Gloves - Gloves made of cloth, canvas, or thin leather.
Light Leather - This is 4 to 6 ounce, leather about 2.5mm thick.
List Field, Tourney Field - The defined area for fighting, or the fighting field, usually with a roped-off boundary.
Mass weapons - maces, axes, war hammers, or other weapons designed to crush or punch holes (because of the weight of the real weapons), rather than to cut
Medium Leather - This is 7 to 9 ounce leather about 3.5 inch thick.
Medium Padded Cloth - At least 5mm of padding between at least two layers of fabric. (two layers of blanket is usually enough padding)
Melee - Combat fought with two or more combatants on a side.
PEX - Shatterproof plastic pipe made of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) sized to be a substitute for copper pipe and CPVC pipe in interior plumbing applications. Found in many hardware stores. Available in black, white, red, or blue colored. Colored orange when intended for radiant floor use.
Polearms - hafted weapons, generally long, designed to be wielded with two hands (e.g., glaives, halberds, etc.).
Progressively resistant give - As pressure is applied it will compress gradually without bottoming-out.
Puncture-resistant material - Any fabric or combination of fabrics that will predictably withstand puncture.
PVC - Plastic pipe usually white or gray in color. May shatter upon impact. It is NOT legal for Youth Combat.
Rigid Material - Metal, shatter-resistant plastic, heavy leather, or leather that has been hardened.
Sil-o-Flex® - Brand name for plastic pipe made of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) sized to be a substitute for iron pipe in exterior plumbing applications such as in-ground sprinklers. See: Irrigation pipe.
Xyphoid Process - This is the area at the base of the sternum.